The CANMET MMSL experimental mining facility is currently exploring explosives – free rock breaking methods – an alternative to explosives that could also minimize the amount of waste produced. One approach involves using electricity for heating the vein that contains valuable minerals. The development of technologies to reduce energy consumption at every step of mining is also being investigated in partnership with industry. For example, in collaboration with a Canadian manufacturer, CANMET MMSL has contributed to designing the first worldwide hybrid mining vehicle for underground use, currently being tested in a Canadian mine. CANMET MMSL is also investigating on-demand ventilation in underground mines to dramatically reduce energy consumption.